The French didn't win a major battle until about 84 years into the war. And didn't start winning multiple battles until Joan of Arc came. After England, which had taken over most of France, left they still controlled territory. When the war ended England still controlled Calais for more than a century(which she held until 1558 when France took the decaying city while England was preoccupied with in the Italian wars ). England had Calais. The war was fought for 2 reasons: 1) Who the rightful heir to the throne of France was 2) England wanted land in France. England gained land and claimed the French throne until 1801. At the beginning of the war France had a population of well over 14 million, and England had a population of about 2 million. The French could use "levee en masse," and for every death the French had, an English death dealt England seven timed the blow because there where less English men to fight. As you can see the English were horribly out-numbered, despite this however, they were successful in conquering most of France. Also the French king tried to restore David II to the Scottish throne, as you should know that was a failure. After Agincourt by 1420, with most of Northern, and other parts of France being under English hegemony, King Charles VI designated Henry V regent and heir to the kingdom of France, and gave him his daughter Catherine de Valois' hand in marriage in the Treaty of Troyes. The treaty said that the French throne was not to pass to Charles VII but to his infant nephew, King Henry VI of England when his father Charles VI died (which happened in 1422). Henry V of England ruled the territories the English had captured in France as regent of his son, and southern France was ruled by the Dauphin Charles VII. But many French refused to subject themselves to the English domination, and joined under the orders of the dauphin of France, Charles VII. Many French people didn't acknowledge this, but it happened all the same. So England captured the throne of France, AND had land in France (Calais), just what she set out to do. Sounds like an English victory to me!