Was pedophilia common in Greece and Rome? I´m pretty much ignorant on the historical investigation of this particular subject, but I´ve been reading in a forum that pedophilia was socially acceptable and fairly common at that times and places. Also there are implicit suggestions that the "pedophilia-is-crime" is a totally socially constructed meme, and I´m very skeptical about this claim. Also, somewhat skeptical about the other claim, about pedophilia being common and accepted. I think that most researches have shown that humans are a biological species, and despite of our brain making us the more behaviurally flexible species, it´s yet possible to trace a basic biological set of behaviors that applies to the whole species, in all cultures and times, with a few cultural influences, and much more rarely cultural oddities, aberrations. About pedophilia in particular, there are suggestive evidence that it´s a neurological disturb. With that in mind, I think in two main alternatives: 1- the historical research that says that pedophilia was widely common was wrong, and may be due to tendentious sources and subsequent inertia. Could be that a few eminent people or groups of people in these places and times were in fact pedophilies and they painted their own indulgent or even favorable view of pedophilia - which was not shared with the rest of the society - and then it was generalized as because of being the main sources of hystorical research. I do not think this is unlikely, even more recent historical issues are often wrong, such as the opinions of Louis Pasteurs and his merits. He is largely held as a scientific example, while some people, basing in more data that recently became disposable, that he commited frauds and plagiarisms, and also, contrasting immensely with is commonly said, he believeed in spontaneous generation, even of parasitic worms. He just did not believed - by personal prejudices - that those particular instances being studies by his opponents were capable of spontaneously generate life. Pasteur is widelly regarded as the final debunker of spontaneous generation, when in fact it was more accepted in France, and the opinion was only accepted in other countries after the works of John Tyndall and Ferdinand Cohn. (but Pasteur is not really the topic, just an example of how hystorical research may be subject of errors based on restriction of data.) 2 - the historical research that says that pedophilia was widely common was right, but it would have to do with the influence of eminent pedophilies over society, rather than a "cultural creationism", where cultures and behaviours are created "ex nihilo", without any biological constraint. In both alternatives I´m not questioning the idea that pedophilia acception and disaproval could not be a pure cultural phenomenon, I know that. As this is the history forum, I´m just asking if any these two alternatives are likely, concerning the historical knowledge in general, if there are divergent opinions on the subject held by a few historians, and the basis of divergence, also if there are other examples of a sort of "memetic founder effect" in cultures. The biological issues, would be more properly discussed in the biology and genetics forum.