The power of anomalies

Discussion in 'UFOs, Ghosts and Monsters' started by Magical Realist, Aug 30, 2018.

  1. Magical Realist Valued Senior Member

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    An anomaly is an anomaly. Any phenomenon that doesn't conform to the contemporary scientific or cultural paradigm. Here's a list of anomalies that changed the course of science as we know it.



    https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/obs...anomalies/

    "Progress in science is sometimes triggered by surprises. Data collection resembles gathering of new pieces in a jigsaw puzzle and placing them together. Sometimes one of the pieces does not quite fit. It is natural for scientists to instinctively argue that such a piece does not belong; perhaps it is an artifact driven by uncertainties in the data or a misinterpretation of the experiment. This might indeed be the case in most instances. But every now and then, an anomaly of this type signals a real discrepancy from expectations, either a violation of a highly respected but incomplete law of nature—namely an exception to the rule, or an unexpected surprise—signaling the possibility of “new physics.”

    One of the well-known historical examples involves the discovery of the Planck spectrum of blackbody radiation, which could not have been explained by classical physics and which ushered in quantum mechanics. The anomaly was declared by the British physicist Lord Kelvin in 1900 as one of the two remaining dark clouds obscuring “the beauty and clearness of the dynamical theory” before its revolutionary role in the development of modern physics was recognized. A more recent example involves quasicrystals, which represent a state of solids that violates translational symmetry. Their accidental discovery by Dan Shechtman in 1982 was discredited for decades since it violated textbook assumptions, but its significance was eventually recognized by the Nobel Prize Committee in 2011.

    An example for a current unresolved anomaly involves the reported discrepancy between the measured values of the Hubble constant H0 (the expansion rate of the universe) in the local universe (based on observations of supernovae) and in the universe just 400,000 years after the big bang (as measured from the brightness anisotropies of the cosmic background radiation). If real, this anomaly might signal the existence of a sterile neutrino; a form of decaying dark matter; a growing dark energy or something else. Another current example involves the anomalously strong absorption of electromagnetic radiation by hydrogen atoms during the cosmic dawn, as measured by the EDGES experiment, which might potentially indicate some form of interaction between ordinary matter and dark matter.

    Most anomalies are found to be associated with faulty interpretations or systematic errors in the experiments. Recent examples for such outcomes involve the experimental claims for faster-than-light neutrinos and unusually strong gravitational waves from cosmic inflation. However, some anomalies appear resilient to scrutiny and flag new discoveries.

    Daring scientists who pursue an anomalous perspective that deviates from the mainstream dogma serve as agents of progress. In response to their claims, highly reputable but conservative leaders of the scientific community are irritated and attempt to prove them wrong, a process by which a new truth may be revealed. For example, when Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin suggested in her Radcliffe-Harvard PhD defense in 1925 that the sun is made mostly of hydrogen rather having the same composition as the Earth, the highly respected director of the Princeton University Observatory, Henry Norris Russell, argued that she must be wrong and dissuaded her from including this conclusion in her published thesis.

    As he attempted to prove her wrong in subsequent years, he realized instead that she was right. In another case, when Jacob Bekenstein suggested in 1973 that black holes may have an entropy proportional to the area of their horizons, his PhD adviser, John Wheeler, told him that his idea is “crazy enough that it might be right.” Stephen Hawking tried to prove Bekenstein wrong, but he ultimately fulfilled Wheeler’s prophecy and discovered Hawking radiation, his most important scientific result. The moral of these examples is that scientists should not be so hasty to dismiss frogs based on a first impression, since what is intended to be a “kiss of death” can turn one of them into Prince Charming."
     
    Last edited: Aug 30, 2018
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  3. Beer w/Straw Transcendental Ignorance! Valued Senior Member

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    Magical Realist, I think people would appreciate some effort for discussion. This post of yours is just spam and will probably get locked unless you have something to add yourself. And you should already know this, so why spam?
     
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  5. Magical Realist Valued Senior Member

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    Discussion is generated by new information. That's what I've provided. If you lack the thinking power to discuss the ideas of the OP then maybe this isn't the thread for you.
     
    Last edited: Aug 30, 2018
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  7. river

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    the discussion is about , anomalies , is it not ? and the effects upon thought , or thinking , upon any subject .
     
  8. Beer w/Straw Transcendental Ignorance! Valued Senior Member

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    Then you two can discuss it yourselves.
     
  9. Magical Realist Valued Senior Member

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    I'll just wait till others join in the conversation like I always do.
     
  10. sculptor Valued Senior Member

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    the outliers/anomalies have always been of interest to me

    Please Register or Log in to view the hidden image!


    when you find one
    that's where the fun begins
    start with "why"?...................................
     
  11. river

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    True

    Ever heard of , Charles Hoy Fort ?
     
  12. James R Just this guy, you know? Staff Member

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    That's not really the moral, especially given...
     
  13. James R Just this guy, you know? Staff Member

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    The answer usually turns out to be accident or incompetence.
     
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  14. river

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    and/or , just can't explain with the current theories
     
    Last edited: Aug 31, 2018
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  15. James R Just this guy, you know? Staff Member

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    I said what the answer usually turns out to be. There are exceptions, of course.
     
  16. river

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    of course

    the challenge is to explain these anomalies
     
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  17. James R Just this guy, you know? Staff Member

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    Yes. That's what scientific research is often about.
     
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  18. river

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    Disagree

    It should be , but it is not .

    what science is about , today is conformity of thought by those who control the funding of any research .

    this has been going on for 100 yrs , and more

    hence creativity new thinking is discouraged . worse , it is scorned
     
    Last edited: Aug 31, 2018
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  19. river

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    Science today is about memory not original ideas .
     
  20. Yazata Valued Senior Member

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  21. Yazata Valued Senior Member

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    In a sense, learning anything new would be an anomaly to somebody who believes that he/she already knows everything there is to be known. The new fact wouldn't have a little preexisting category in that person's conceptual scheme.

    In a way, science seems to have a tendency to behave that way. They don't assume that they know every fact that could possibly be known, there are simply too many galaxies out there to ever know everything that's ever happened on every exoplanet.

    But... they kind of assume that they already know all the physical principles and laws that govern everything that happens everywhere. So they assume that they already know the range of possibilities of what can and can't happen on all of those exoplanets. They may not know how the game has played out everywhere, but they are pretty well convinced they have a good handle on the rules of the game.
     
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  22. Magical Realist Valued Senior Member

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    “It is better to believe than to disbelieve; in doing you bring everything to the realm of possibility.”

    ― A. Einstein
     
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  23. Beer w/Straw Transcendental Ignorance! Valued Senior Member

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