Says the guy in the middle of a post about race... Are you genuinely unaware of the scholarship on the topic of race, or what? Another inept comment, given the context... Plenty of capricious things are nevertheless real. Especially when it comes to social constructs - gender is real, no? Do you dispute that race has real effects on real people? So what? Most social constructs come fitted out with mythical biological/genetic components (nationality, gender, race, heck it's hard to think of one that doesn't). People often believe in them. But they remain myths, and pointing out that they are myths doesn't invalidate the social constructs. They're actually rather incidental, even when powerful actors do things on the basis of their supposed reality. If you think about it for a second, your own analysis refutes the notion that what Hitler was doing was actually based on "biology" - going 2 generations back on the basis of genetics still leaves you with a sociological definition (i.e., those Jewish grandparents are not themselves defined as Jewish by their ancestry, which is never analyzed). You miss the point: there wasn't any biological basis for races even then. There has been more internal variation in the "African" genome than between the "African" and "European" genomes since before the invention of transportation technologies. Most of the Eurasian land mass was connected by simple pedestrian or equine transport for most of human history, for one example. It is not the case that there used to be genetic races, but that then they interbred and invalidated themselves. Race as a genetic construct has always been a sham - it was invented whole cloth as a social construct, and the biology stuff has always been a distraction. "Many?" We're nowhere near the point where there's anything like a critical mass of such people (i.e., enough that appearance-based racism would become unsustainable). Until then, they're the exception that proves the rule - specifically, the rule that race is about appearance and not genetics. And this hasn't the slightest bearing on his racial classification in the US. LOL what planet do you live on?