Cole, hi, Time - I do not see how there could be a point where time did not occur or how anything could be considered outside of time and I don't think it is an issue where we cannot conceive of the concept. Rather, time is a basic property of existence. For anything said to exist in this universe including any potential gods, actions/events occur. Such events cause a change and for every change there will be a "before" condition and an "after" position. When something transitions from "before" to "after" it is time. We like to think of time in units of measure, seconds, hours, milliseconds, but these are merely tools we use to help us cope with time but they don't reflect the reality of time. Time has no minimal unit of measure. Time is simply a change of state, it is not an entity that exists or can be started or stopped, or manipulated. It is simply a basic component of existence. When we seem to measure time, we are instead measuring a span of state changes. What then do we mean by the past and the future? It is tempting to think of time as a dimension like distance, along which we can travel or measure, but this is an entirely false perspective. Time is not a dimension. The past is simply a history of state changes. The future is simply state changes that have yet to occur. The concept of God being outside of time has no meaning with the above understanding. If he can be said to exist and can cause events then time will have occurred. What then of omniscience and a knowledge of the future. I would suggest direct knowledge of future changes of state (time) is not possible since those changes will not have occurred. Could they be pre-determined? Possibly if all known variables that will cause state changes are known and fully understood. A god woud presumably have this ability. What of the idea that God creates the universe and can concurrently see all state changes from the start of the universe to the end? This follows from the previous point in that if he knows all the variables then he can predict the future perfectly. We can see the analogy in a computer program that is perfectly deterministic if all the input data is known beforehand. There is a distinction to be made though between direct knowledge of an event and the prediction of an event that has yet to occur. Technically the knowledge would not exist, however, in the case of a God with perfect knowledge of all variables then there would be no discernable difference.