Do the math. How long does it take for one specie to develop? How many species and sub-species does the earth contain? Yes, we are the last species. When we are told of any new species post-humans, like new forms of virus, this applies to following their own kind/species/trajectories. Notwithstanding a new species has to be a more elevated life form: read, more elevated than any other - else elevation [evolving] has no meaning. We have not seen a true new life form for millions of years, or at least since man was around - but we should have seen billions. This then gives the ratio of time which must apply of all life stemming from one life. Agreed. Each species graduates to further the requirements of its own, not of another - they follow their own kind. In effect, what ToE calls survival of the fittest must better be called destruction of a species. Change is being transcended by another - making a death of the former. This again reduces the time factored display of trillions of life forms occuring the last billion years on earth. One must differentiate elevations within the same group - and that which constitutes a wholly and holistically new life form - else we are subscribing to genesis, not ToE.