============================================== WHAT IS INTELLIGENCE? ============================================== definition by OXFORD DICTIONARY: the ability to acquire or apply knowledge and skills. ============================================== scientists disagree on various facts.however there is agreement on one point:intelligence has many components.any intelligent creature can do the following: 1.)learn and retain the learned knowledge. 2.)reason on the basis of knowledge. 3.)Adapt to new circumstances. 4.)communicate. 5.)Recognize patterns. ============================================== the turing test: ============================================== so how do we know that a computer is intelligent?in 1950s Turing,a british scientist envisioned a test to measure intelligence of a computer.in this a person sits at a computer and types questions.the computer is connected to two hidden computers,at one human being gives responses,the other computer is programmed with automated response.if person typing the question cant tell difference between the human's answers and computers answers,Turing said the computer is intelligent. ============================================== the computer have long ago passed this type of test,eg ELIZA written by Joseph ...program which mimicks a human therapist.eg: if i write, i love my mom,it will respond by saying:tell me more about your mom,where it presumes MOM to be a keyword. Today,the programs are far more complex,does that mean that they are intelligent?