Dissent = the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held. No wonder going against an officially held view will be ridiculed or derided, but that should limit itslef to politics. Science should welcome dissent, it should have a mechanism to handle criticism, it should have a methodology to gain from the dissent and infact it should create a critical approach too. But of course we must be able to identify what is cranky and what is not. For example IMO Flat earthers are cranky but those who question the existence of a Black Holes are not. Now you may ask why this thread is in science section, because I am opening this thread to all who have any view contrary to what is commonly held, and I urge all those who know about the subject to counter them, to establish that commonly held belief is really truth. It is quite likely that for some issues...the best answer should be..look this is a problem area, but this is how it is as on date....I feel this would be the great way of tackling dissent on some teethy issues rather than pushing the parrotized stuff. It will also be in order to to understand the cause of dissent...It could be because of mis application, it could be because of mis interpretation, it could be because of pure ignorance or it could be due to agenda of that poster, and may be the dissent is on genuine ground. So unless this is identified, people should not brush it aside. Also the poster who would raise a dissenting point must clearly express the grounds for his dissent, and these grounds must be rebutted. At the end we must be able to conclude, settled, not settled, settled but dissenter is willfuly not listening, genuine point needs further work. All are welcome to post there dissent with the mainstream views clearly specifying the grounds for the dissent, I will start in my subsequent posts. some of the topics possibly have been discussed in the past, but I want to conclude, so it is my pray to all, espectially to Mr Paddoboy, not to copy paste and clutter the thread, he can just cite the reference or just give the links with few words in suppport of his argument. The argument that it has come from scientists working at the coal fields with state of art equipement and thus must be correctr, is a no-go. And please note I am not a crank, I love science, I am well qualified, I understand more than graduate level maths and Physics and I want satisfactory response, which any prudent man would accept. I dont accept bulldozing or blind obeisance to authorities, infact science should not have any relationship with words like bulldozing and authorities.