Hi, In my several months of research on this wonderful subject(Quite an amateur research as you might conclude!), although thorough you might say,i have collected various historical pieces of information and compiled for fun.although in fun,but they are very amusing and interesting to study. All the dates may not be correct,if not please tell me which one,i"ll rectify. The following evolution dates have been compiled with the help of MIT web-servers and various other sites(which includes,irbot,robot.net,NASA sites etc...) i was thinking about a thread which could comprehensively cover the topic of History and evolution of AI in better perspective and way.any comments,further corrections,clarifications are welcome. 1917 ---- Karel Capek coins the term 'Robot' (in czech 'robot' means 'worker'), but the 1923 English translation retained the original word.) 1928 ---- John von Neumann's develops minimax theorem (later used in game playing programs) 1940 ---- First electronic computers developed in US, UK and Germany 1943 ---- McCulloch and Pitts propose neural-network architectures for intelligence 1946 ---- Turing's ACE John von Neumann publishes EDVAC paper on the stored program computer. J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchley build "ENIAC", the first electronic programmable digital computer. 1950 ---- Alan Turing: "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" 1953 ---- Claude Shannon gives Minsky and McCarthy summer jobs at Bell Labs 1955 ---- Newell, Simon and Shaw develop "IPL-11", first AI language 1956 ---- Rockefeller funds McCarthy & Minsky's AI conference at Dartmouth CIA funds GAT machine-translation project Newell, Shaw, and Simon develop The Logic Theorist 1957 ---- Newell, Shaw, and Simon's develop the General Problem Solver (GPS) 1958 ---- McCarthy introduces LISP (at MIT) 1959 ---- McCarthy & Minsky establish MIT AI Lab Rosenblatt introduces Perceptron Samuel's checkers program wins games against best human players 1962 ---- First industrial robots McCarthy moves to Stanford 1963 ---- McCarthy founds Stanford AI Lab Minsky's "Steps Towards Artificial Intelligence" publised U.S. government grants 2.2 million dollar grant to MIT to reearch Machine-Aided Cognition (artificial intelligence). The grant came from DARPA to ensure that the US would stay ahead of the Soviet Union in technological advancements. 1964 ---- Daniel Bobrow's Student solves high school algebra work problems 1965 ---- Simon predicts "by 1985 machines will be capable of doing any work a man can do" 1966 ---- Weizenbaum and Colby create Eliza 1967 ---- Greenblatt's MacHack defeats Hubert Dreyfus at chess 1969 ---- Minsky & Papert's "Perceptrons" (limits of single-layer neural networks) kills funding for neural net research Kubrick's "2001" introduces HAL and AI to a mass audience Turing's "Intelligent Machinery" published 1970 ---- Terry Winograd's Shrldu developed Colmerauer creates PROLOG 1972 ---- DARPA cancels funding for robotics at Stanford Hubert Dreyfus publishes "What Computers Can't Do" 1973 ---- Lighthill report kills AI funding in UK LOGO funding scandal: Minsky & Papert forced to turn leave MIT's AI lab 1974 ---- Edward Shortliffe's thesis on Mycin Minsky reifies the 'frame' First computer-controlled robot 1975 ---- DARPA launches image understanding funding program. 1976 ---- DARPA cancels funding for speech understanding research Greenblatt creates first LISP machine, "CONS" Doug Lenat's AM (Automated Mathematician) Kurzweil introduces reading machine 1978 ---- Patrick Hayes' "Naive Physics Manifesto" 1979 ---- Journal of American Medical Assoc. says that Mycin is as good as medical experts 1980 ---- First AAAI conference held (at Stanford) 1981 ---- Kazuhiro Fuchi announces Japanese Fifth Generation Project 1982 ---- John Hopfield resuscitates neural nets Publications of British government's "Alvey Report" on advanced information technology, leading to boost in AI (Expert Systems) being used in industry. 1983 ---- DARPA's Strategic Computing Initiative commits $600 million over 5 yrs Feigenbaum and McCorduck publish "The Fifth Generation" 1984 ---- Austin AAAI conference launches AI into financial spotlight 1985 ---- GM and Campbell's Soup find expert systems don't need LISP machines Kawasaki robot kills Japanese mechanic during malfunction 1987 ---- "AI Winter" sets in (Lisp-machine market saturated) 1988 ---- AI revenues reach $1 billion The 386 chip brings PC speeds into competition with LISP machines Minsky and Papert publish revised edition of "Perceptrons" 1992 ---- Japanese Fifth Generation Project ends with a whimper (As KMGURU pointed out.) Japanese Real World Computing Project begins with a big-money bang More to follow... bye!