A quantum state has to have a global phase, but this can never be measured, so it isn't information (?!)

So what's left? The global phase is included (it has to be) in measurement operator notation; measurement in QM is the same operation as converting the momentum into a single bit of . . . information.

So, unpick the standard double-slit experiment in terms of a set of measurements of individual particle states; the...

Time and information]]>

http://viXra.org/abs/2109.0076?ref=12745236

Here is the title and abstract:

"An Inconsistency Between the Gravitational Time Dilation Equation and the Twin Paradox"

Abstract:

It is shown in this monograph that the Gravitational...

An Inconsistency Between the Gravitational Time Dilation Equation and the Twin Paradox]]>

it seems that as you get more earths & squish them together to make a Saturn

you increase gravity & so increase density ?

im a bit confused by the concept

when someone uses earth sizes to match other planet sizes, does gravity make a difference so you get to a point where adding another earth is not equal to another earth at a...

mass pressure density & the size of planets (question)]]>

The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), known as an “artificial sun”, reached temperatures of 70,000,000C during the experiments, the Xinhua News Agency reported.

The EAST project, which has already cost China more than £700bn, will run the experiment until June.]]>

Can we make time stand still?]]>

To get this started, this link showing naturally occurring self-organizing patterns is not only of scientific interest it is also incredibly beautiful to behold the near infinite variety of patterned objects and organisms having evolved from the initial chaos of the universal...

Patterns in Nature]]>

While textbook explanation of p-n junction ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P–n_junction ) looks quite heuristic, this is just using statistical mechanics - no "holes", only electron dynamics.

Lattice 60x30 atoms below, dopants of different potentials are presented as red/green dots, grayness shows calculated electron densities, arrows show local currents.

The model is:

-...

Diffusion model of p-n junction (diode) - conductance prevented by Anderson localization]]>

Not specifically, ’cause time is not an axis and dimension must consist of the axis. Also, till now we are understanding the second and third dimensions via their axes. The w-axis in the upper equation is the main component of the fourth dimension. (A reference from this article)]]>

At a very high temperature, the gaseous substance expands to a certain limit when heated, and the electrons break away from the atoms, which become a charged plasma. At this time, the electrons are released and exist independently. So can such electrons be separated one by one? Has anyone done this and how?]]>

To see this strange optical phenomenon yourself, all you should need is a small mirror and a bathroom shower. There is also a light in the ceiling of the shower, which is probably an LED, but I think this should work in any shower. The effect is especially noticeable for me, because I have...

Strange Optical Phenomenon (mirror in shower)]]>

There is observed e.g. interference ( https://journals.aps.org/prb/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevB.85.094503 ), tunneling (...

Similarity between particle physics and macroscopic quantum phenomena like fluxons?]]>

Suppose an initially fully charged battery supplies the motor, a similar but initially depleted battery being charged up by the generator. Each battery adjacent to the respective motor, generator. Energy E thus a mass equivalent E/c^2 ends up being transferred from one location to another. But assuming the entire system is isolated,...

Linear momentum conservation puzzle]]>

Michael Leon Fontenot

According to the CMIF (Co-Moving-Inertial Frames) simultaneity method, an observer (he) who accelerates in the direction away from a distant person (she) will conclude that she rapidly gets YOUNGER during his acceleration. But I think I may have found a counterexample that shows that such an accelerating observer does NOT conclude that.

It is well-known that two stationary clocks at different...

New Arguments In A Possible Proof That Negative Ageing Doesn't Occur In Special Relativity]]>

Lorentz factor as a source of infinities/singularities in the relativity theory?]]>

Thanks.]]>

Why say that the following phrase is nonsense?

“The consistency of axioms cannot be proved within their own system.”

Because:

A system which has axioms for itself, in order for the system to call them axioms for itself, the system has to have a consistent behavior around those axioms and so when it behaves inconsistently with regard to those axioms, the inconsistency between those axioms and the system’s behavior the system can prove to itself.

If what is written above is...

[Math Challenge]: Prove to me that I am wrong.]]>

Developing equation for fictional force created by rotation]]>