#### danshawen

**Valued Senior Member**

Pseudoscience is not allowed on the main science forums.

First, this is NOT an alternative theory.

It is well KNOWN AND APPLIED science that physical standard lengths are defined by NIST as a number of wavelengths of a hyperfine transition of a cesium atom, and that one of the reasons it is so defined is due to relativity's determination that the speed of light is a strong invariant.

While it would be impossible to actually disprove any of the analysis of Minkowski relating to Lorentz covariance (spatial relationship to time), a recent discussion with Q-reeus about maximal photon energy has suggested a means to motivate a more careful consideration about exactly what was lost when Minkowski decided to create another invariant called the interval, along with inconsistent expressions for 4D rotations and the relativity of simultanaeity which does not include descriptions of things like quantum entanglement or FTL phenomena which are also NOT ALTERNATIVE SCIENCE, even though it lacks a solid base of mathematics to help us understand how it works. Also, Minkowski provided a version of length contaction that involved physical rotations in 4 dimensions for matter, and then completely ignored the possibility of providing a similar 4D rotational template for explaining relativistic Doppler shifts of propagating light. Why the omission? Why would the bound energy that is matter undergo Minkowski rotation when propagating unbound energy did not? At last, I have found a partial definitive answer.

I have often pointed out that space may be expressed as light travel time. This is not alternative science either. Light years and light nanoseconds alike have well defined physical meaning.

Consider the expression of a velocity as a ratio of how fast something moves (space or light travel time) vs how fast something else moves. The something else could be the hands of a stopwatch or a beam of light traveling at c.

So for linear velocities, the speed of light can be used to define any 3D (or even 4D) length. Add the element of rotation in an infinitude of possible directions and it is just possible that space and time are more simply related than Minkowski ever believed.

With light propagation used as a ruler, the measure of the speed of light becomes unity, a concept often used by Einstein himself.

Let's take that idea a little deeper. The expression for tangential velocity for uniform circular motion is given by v = omega x r, where omega is the angular velocity and r is the radius. What an extraordinary concept this is when light travel times are substituted for physical lengths. Rotational propagation of energy must occur at c x c = c^2. Where have we seen this term before? This makes perfect physical sense. If your intention is to make something relativistic (a particle or a wave) trace a relativistic circular trajectory, you will need to push it tangentially at c while it is propagating at c. The vectors may not add as they do in Euclidean space, but on the other hand, this actually is a geometrically unique case, and I think it just might work.

While a beam of photons traverses the known universe at c with no passage of time from the photon's point of view, the c^2 rate of propagation of relativistic rotation assures that the bound energy that is matter may persist in time, and that time itself is a superposition of both linear and rotational propagation modes. The rotational one (and also quantum entanglement) is much faster than c, and science already knows this for certain. We have just provided the math to support why this is the case. Any discussion of simultanaeity without a consideration of processes which occur >c would seem ludicrous to anyone other than Minkowski.

Something that is science is scaffolded and extrapolated from existing science in an inductive manner that pseudoscience can never match. We know pseudoscience because it can be falsified. I have just falsified Minkowski 4D rotation and his ideas about simultaneity. I have explained faster than light rotation of bound matter in what some would term classical physics. I have a different working definition of what classical physics means, and Minkowski's work does not even qualify for that description. It has impeded progress in relativity physics for about 100 years too long

It is well KNOWN AND APPLIED science that physical standard lengths are defined by NIST as a number of wavelengths of a hyperfine transition of a cesium atom, and that one of the reasons it is so defined is due to relativity's determination that the speed of light is a strong invariant.

While it would be impossible to actually disprove any of the analysis of Minkowski relating to Lorentz covariance (spatial relationship to time), a recent discussion with Q-reeus about maximal photon energy has suggested a means to motivate a more careful consideration about exactly what was lost when Minkowski decided to create another invariant called the interval, along with inconsistent expressions for 4D rotations and the relativity of simultanaeity which does not include descriptions of things like quantum entanglement or FTL phenomena which are also NOT ALTERNATIVE SCIENCE, even though it lacks a solid base of mathematics to help us understand how it works. Also, Minkowski provided a version of length contaction that involved physical rotations in 4 dimensions for matter, and then completely ignored the possibility of providing a similar 4D rotational template for explaining relativistic Doppler shifts of propagating light. Why the omission? Why would the bound energy that is matter undergo Minkowski rotation when propagating unbound energy did not? At last, I have found a partial definitive answer.

I have often pointed out that space may be expressed as light travel time. This is not alternative science either. Light years and light nanoseconds alike have well defined physical meaning.

Consider the expression of a velocity as a ratio of how fast something moves (space or light travel time) vs how fast something else moves. The something else could be the hands of a stopwatch or a beam of light traveling at c.

So for linear velocities, the speed of light can be used to define any 3D (or even 4D) length. Add the element of rotation in an infinitude of possible directions and it is just possible that space and time are more simply related than Minkowski ever believed.

With light propagation used as a ruler, the measure of the speed of light becomes unity, a concept often used by Einstein himself.

Let's take that idea a little deeper. The expression for tangential velocity for uniform circular motion is given by v = omega x r, where omega is the angular velocity and r is the radius. What an extraordinary concept this is when light travel times are substituted for physical lengths. Rotational propagation of energy must occur at c x c = c^2. Where have we seen this term before? This makes perfect physical sense. If your intention is to make something relativistic (a particle or a wave) trace a relativistic circular trajectory, you will need to push it tangentially at c while it is propagating at c. The vectors may not add as they do in Euclidean space, but on the other hand, this actually is a geometrically unique case, and I think it just might work.

While a beam of photons traverses the known universe at c with no passage of time from the photon's point of view, the c^2 rate of propagation of relativistic rotation assures that the bound energy that is matter may persist in time, and that time itself is a superposition of both linear and rotational propagation modes. The rotational one (and also quantum entanglement) is much faster than c, and science already knows this for certain. We have just provided the math to support why this is the case. Any discussion of simultanaeity without a consideration of processes which occur >c would seem ludicrous to anyone other than Minkowski.

Something that is science is scaffolded and extrapolated from existing science in an inductive manner that pseudoscience can never match. We know pseudoscience because it can be falsified. I have just falsified Minkowski 4D rotation and his ideas about simultaneity. I have explained faster than light rotation of bound matter in what some would term classical physics. I have a different working definition of what classical physics means, and Minkowski's work does not even qualify for that description. It has impeded progress in relativity physics for about 100 years too long

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