Zero for this. This cite does not tell us Einstein was addressing the laws of mechanics. It tells us he was describing the equivalence of the gravitational acceleration with a field, the realization of which he called "the happiest thought of my life": Just as is the case with the electric field produced by electromagnetic induction, the gravitational field has similarly only a relative existence. For if one considers an observer in free fall, e.g. from the roof of a house, there exists for him during his fall no gravitational field---at least in his immediate vicinity. Zero again. Relativity has nothing to do with Newton or Kepler who lived hundreds of years before the issue surfaced. Ten points off for meaningless post. Zero for this. Einstein was motivated to connect Poincare's and Lorentz's explanations of space and time contraction and dilation in regard to interferometry (the seach for aether) with the consequences of Maxwell's equations (the light in the interferometer) subject to motion (as implemented in moving-media tests). Newton's and Kepler's Laws have nothing to do with this. From this phase of his work (1905) Einstein was next confronted by the question of how relativity applies to gravity (1907-1915) at which point he had the happiest thought of his life given above. Throughout all of this, there was no question pending about orbital mechanics. Zero again. Lorentz and Poincare's research had nothing to do with Newton's. Nor was Einstein's. Newton set out to explain Kepler's Laws. Lorentz and Poincare set out to explain the results of interferometry experiments searching for ether (space and time contraction and dilation). Einstein set out to explain Lorentz's and Poincare's results in terms of Maxwell's equations (1905). Then, when Einstein had "the happiest thought of his life" he set out to explain the equivalence of gravity to the electric field, that is, that gravity is relative (1907). None of these other men was trying to explain orbital mechanics, which was the purpose of Newton's work leading to the discovery of the Unniversal Law of Gravitation. Zero points for that. The facts you are disputing relate to the trajectory of scientific research from Tycho to Einstein. The ideology you speak of is yours alone. The facts of history speak for themselves in the words of the their own authors on the dates they were published. You are pretending that none of these documents exist and fabricating excuses instead of simply familiarizing yourself with what they are, what the authors actually said. Zero points again. You can not solve for velocity merely from knowing the acceleration. Wrong answer. The data we are speaking of was the source information the above-medtioned scientists and mathematicans set out to explain. Those observations, and those explanations, are facts of history which you alone deny and which you alone are confronted by critics. Wrong again. Einstein took the explanation which completed their work (1905), had "the happiest thought of his life" and applied it to explain the nature of gravity (1907-1915), which had nothing to with Newton's explanation of orbital mechanics. Ten points off for nonsensical use of the the word "appeal". Declaring that subjects you never studied, Physics & Math, are rescinded and replaced by your imagination is not a matter of taking interpretaions to extremes. It's a matter of pretending to know subject matter you never studied. If you want to know a fact of science or math, simply post your questions and people who took the courses will be happy to reply. Posting statements that purport to rewrite all of the history and results of science is counterproductive to that goal. Since you haven't read any of the studies in question, your opinions on them are worthless. All of the subject matter here revolves around practical results, beginning with Tycho's quest to map the positions of the planets. That was over 400 years ago and you still haven't caught up with him. Yet you deny his role in the topic at hand. Ten points off for meaningless post. You are shaping the thread by posting false claims and nonsense. So far you have scored zero points on your math & physics quiz. And you're being penalized 30 points for nonsense/meaningless content.