"China’s nuclear forces will have to modernize and increase numerically which creates an arms race", Undecided I think the question you simply have to ask yourself is this. China had 400 nuclear warheads before NMD was ever a threat, and were already modernizing their ballistics technology. Answer this question truthfully: If NMD never existed at all do you think China would stop modernizing their nuclear arsenal? With India already developing ballistics with the capability of reaching China, would it not be in their best interests (why would they want their neighbors to catch up)? Ask yourself another question: Why would China be against developing its nuclear program? Other than cost (which obviously is becoming less and less a problem), what would be a "negative" to them having a larger arsenal? China, dont forget, is following their best interests, as well. The only argument you may be able to make is that NMD may accelerate the pace of that development, but is that development not inevitable anyway? "The crux of the agreement for NK was the LWR, it was never a serious attempt by the US.", Undecided The entire treaty was a sham in the first place, as the previous article I posted suggested. The U.S. delayed that development, because the CIA knew NK was developing nuclear weapons anyway. They even announced that they had nuclear weapons. How were those developed when they denied having any during the treaty? They confirmed the U.S.'s suspicions themselves, only because it allows them to threaten South Korea again. For all of those years, NK was the third largest recipient of American "bribes" behind Israel and Egypt. Was this the economic stanglehold that NK claims? If the U.S. doesn not supply them food and oil this is the act of war they speak of?