WW-II - Indian POV I am an Indian so I view WW-II from my pov. Prologue Impossible sons of India shall rise and liberate their Motherland. --- Gandhi This is the beginning of the end. --- Winston Churchill Both spake in the wake of 1919 Jalianwalla Bagh MASSACRE at Amritsar, India. Middle Till 1919, Congress Party and others were only demanding a Dominion Status and Home Rule, like in Canada, Australia etc. But 1919 MASSACRE turned out to be a water shed. Indian attitudes hardened and a complete independence was the new one point charter of demands. The battle was joined. Revolutionaries took a new lease of life, and some of their exploits, like bomb blast in the Assembly, definitely shook the British. In late twenties Gandhi called for non-cooperation and boycott of British goods, pushing Manchester textile industry into bankruptcy. During WW-I, the Congress supported the British in return for Home rule. Post War, the British reneged on that promise. Later, Germany saw the rise of Hitler. He was of no consequence to Indians and was ignored. In fact Indians were suspicious of him about being from the same pod. What had he to offer? NOTHING. But come 1939, and WW-II broke out. British Indian govt. [not at all representative of Indians] too declared war on Germany. Willy, nilly India was drawn into the War. But Indian hearts definitely not with Britain, or any of its allies. After Tweedledee is not much different from a Tweedledum! Anyway British were imperialists, so were French and Dutch etc. No sympathy. Sure they were getting a few doses of their own medicines. Blunt, is it not? But true too. Progress of WAR Initially Germany getting all the victories. They were cheered by the Indian at large. Radio sets were scarce, but villagers trudged miles to the nearest set and listened to the war news. Radio Berlin was a special favorite. British tried to ban the RADIOS out right!! Think of that!! Who would enforce the ban? Who could? Japan's entry Pearl Harbour galvanised Indians like nothing else. WHITES CAN BE BEATEN. That was the refrain. Beat the hell out of them. Ras Bihari Bose organized Indian National Army, recruited from the Indian POWs. It was dependent on Japanese support, military as well as political. Subhash Chandra Bose established Free India Govt, which was promptly recognized by Japan and Germany, AND Soviet Union! INA pushed into India along with the Japanese army and unfurled Indian national flag on soil of India, freed by force of arms. The men of INA were declared deserters and mutineers by the British. Post WW-II There were two significant military events in India. (1) Mutiny by the Indian Navy, [Royal] Indian Air Force AND (2)court martials. Pals, I was yet to be born. But my father tells me about the Court Martials. The military courts were anxious to acquit the the accused than the accused WERE!! [ It was not feasible to carry out the sentebes]. British put three officers [mind you OFFICERS] of INA on trial. They wanted to make an example and what a sham it turned out to be!! Gandhi, though against violent means, threatened to don the black gown for defense!! What could you expect? Gandhi as a defence lawyer would have got more international press than could be afforded by the British. . Of course the trials collapsed. Udham Singh, who as a teenager saw the MASSACRE, pursued Dyer and shot him, in England. His mausoleums a pilgrimage spot. The British saw that it was increasingly difficult to hold on to India. It could no longer trust the Indian military to maintain its hold. Moreover, Indians and other Asiatic peoples knew that the myth of "white" invincibility was a MYTH. Are you surprised at Dien Bien Phu? British made a "peaceful" with drawl from their POV, in the sense that they were not personal enemies, unlike what happened in Viet Nam and Algeria to France. Later events French had a few territorial possessions in India. But all of them were transfered to India peacefully. Come on. Dutch had EXACATLY a ONE SQUARE MILE possession which they vacated on 15 August, 1949. Portuguese did bot vacate till they wee forcibly evicted in 1961. Epilogue The prophecies of Churchill and Gandhi WERE fulfilled.