# Why do ocean water always seem to flow toward the shore?

Discussion in 'Physics & Math' started by jaboo, Dec 3, 2010.

1. ### jabooRegistered Senior Member

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Why do ocean waters always seem to flow toward the shore?

Why do ocean waves always seem to flow toward the shore? Why not in other directions?

Last edited: Dec 3, 2010

3. ### OphioliteValued Senior Member

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Waves are initiated by interaction with the wind. It requires 'reach' for the initially small waves to build up to a detectable level. Therefore if the wind is blowing from the shore to the sea the wave height will be too small to be visually detectable.

5. ### BlindmanValued Senior Member

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I have been a surfer for many years. Waves come from all directions. They also reflect from the beach and head out to sea. With the right conditions you can ride them out.

When the tide is going out the water flows from the coast. Rips are very strong outgoing flows of water. Off shore winds (wind that come from the land) create waves and currents that travel away from the coast.

Last edited: Dec 3, 2010

7. ### spidergoatValued Senior Member

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Blindman is right, but also, if the waves only go in one direction, away from the shore, you wouldn't even see them from the shore.

8. ### BenTheManDr. of Physics, Prof. of LoveValued Senior Member

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Waves are the result of currents and wind working over large distances. You can ask, when you see a wave breaking on the shore, where did this wave COME from? Well it started as a ripple somewhere far away, then picked up steam. Conversely, if you're standing at the edge of the water looking out, and the wind is at your back, you probably see a bunch of little ripples heading out to sea....the waves don't just form, you need consistent wind and current, over a long path, to make a wave. These ripples are (if you like) the beginnings of waves.

After having written this, I thought "Jesus, I just wrote a kids book...`The Little Wave that Could' ".

9. ### CptBorkRobbing the Shalebridge CradleValued Senior Member

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So succinct and nicely-put, I love it! I don't think I would have come up with an explanation like this on my own, I would have probably puzzled over it for a while, given up and looked up the answer from someone like yourself.

10. ### RJBeeryNatural PhilosopherValued Senior Member

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OMG CptBork to you need a baby wipe for your nose?

My first thought on the original question was that the decreasing depth of the water is what makes the wave "expose itself". For example, why don't we see large waves that run parallel to the shore? You could in theory have steady winds that run in that direction for arbitrarily long amounts of time.

11. ### Guest254Valued Senior Member

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A quick google will give you the obvious answer (i.e. it is due to the sloping of the shore line), but there's a lot of fluff and unconvincing arm waving.

There's a reasonably nice application of the mathematics of linear water waves + ray theory that gives you the result with a certain degree of rigour.

12. ### EmilValued Senior Member

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It is an interesting question.I saw the waves coming only to shore.
I would reach the same conclusion as RJBeery, it is related to decreasing depth of the water toward shore.
But I've never been on a small island.I do not think there is valid ie all the waves come to shore.

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I've seen plenty of large waves moving parallel to the shore. It all depends on the direction on the wind.

Normally, under usual conditions, the wind blows from the sea onto the land. That's just because the sun warms the land quicker than it does the water, so the warmer air over the land rises and the 'vacancy' is filled by the cooler air arriving from over the sea. But there are times when the wind is parallel to a shoreline - and that's when you'll see those parallel waves being driven by it.

And yes, you're correct, of course, about about the sloping of the beach upwards from the water - that DOES drive the arriving waves into a higher profile.

14. ### EmilValued Senior Member

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And at night? There is no sun.

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Not immediately at sunset (the land is still warmer than the water) but much later on the land chills quicker than the water and the wind blows out to sea - and that's the direction the waves take also. Just the reverse of the daytime.

16. ### EmilValued Senior Member

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Yes, it is called sea breeze.

I have never seen waves that start from the shore and go to sea.

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That's because they start out VERY small.

18. ### EmilValued Senior Member

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I took a bath in the sea at midnight.
Waves were really small but still came to the beach.

19. ### AlexGLike nailing Jello to a treeValued Senior Member

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Would that be because you were on the shore? And so would only see any waves coming towards you?

20. ### EmilValued Senior Member

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Yes, I saw and I heard the waves come and break to the beach.

21. ### EmilValued Senior Member

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I think the answer is somewhere in the place of production of waves and wave propagation mode
and in decreasing depth of the water toward shore.
Waves propagation mode is circular from production center of the waves.
How production center is somewhere in the ocean their propagation is normal to be towards the shore.

22. ### BlindmanValued Senior Member

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As a surfer we define two types of waves. The swell, and waves.

Swell are long period wave created by wind traveling over a long stretch of the ocean.
Swells will bend toward the coast as they hit shallower water. Surfers are only interested in the swell.

Short period waves are created by local winds. Swell and waves can overlap producing a very bumpy ride.

It is also possible to have two or more swells come in from different directions producing very interesting and in my view the most fun swells to ride.

My favorite local surf beach (Trig Point Western Australia) in the right conditions you will get a swell reflecting from the reef, others coming of the sand bank, main swell coming in from the west, a large wind wave coming in form the south west and a standing wave from the very fast flowing rip along the channel between the reef and sand bank.

Under these conditions a wave can just rise up from nowhere. A 8-12 foot wave can rise from nothing and then travel in a random direction. This is caused by the interference of the many wave sources. You can surf down the face of one of these and then suddenly have another wave rise up in front of you traveling in the opposite direction and send you flying through the air. Great fun.. But only happens once or twice a year and usually in winter with a good low pressure system moving over.

23. ### RJBeeryNatural PhilosopherValued Senior Member

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There we go, I figured a surfer would surely have an answer. Swells bending toward the coast makes sense and seems to answer some questions above.