But Bismarck has no more reason to be in American HS history texts at the high school level that Roosevelt does in European HS texts. Are you serious? Honestly now Spyke I think this is where American exceptionalism creeps in, there is no way that Teddy was even close historically in significance to Bismarck. It was Bismarck who began the Germanic overseas empire, the German navy, the militarization of Germany, defeated France in 1871 which is noted as the first match for WWI, it was Bismarck’s alliances that were meant to keep the peace, that was a main existential reason for WWI, it was under his leadership that Germany became a world industrial power, no US president has even accomplished as much as Bismarck. Teddy did a little with the parks, the Panama Canal…woopie…outside of American’s “backyard” he was irrelevant. There is no reason why a German or a Canadian for that matter should learn about Teddy…yes he was one of America’s great presidents…but America’s only. Bismarck is significant to Europeans because of German unification, and because of his secret alliances. That's not any more significant to an American high school student as is Roosevelt's being say the first Progressive president, or setting the standard for an increasingly powerful executive office in the 20th century (and he did that without even being a war-time president), or for the Panama Canal, or the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Donctrine, or his Big Stick policy, or the Great White Fleet should be to a European HS student. Ok so because Teddy was progressive that garners him a place in a German’s history book? Is there a special “Amerika” chapter in German history books that I am not aware of? Spyke no one outside the US cares about Teedy’s progressivism, or executive manoeuvrings, the Panama Canal should get an honourable mention…the US naval expansion was aimed towards Japan more then Germany, and as a result if anything you should be saying Japanese students should be learning about Teddy. What he did internally in the US is not of great significance to anyone outside the US. although Roosevelt is certainly important in American history by any standard And? Explain to me why a German student should two shits? Note you said “American history” not world history, Bismarck was intergral to the world’s geo-political situation. If one doesn’t understand Bismarck, and the unification of Germany one has no idea about the next 100 years of history, I think we can all live without Teddy in retrospect. Bismarck had nothing to do with the war itself either, however, it was policies of both Bismarck and Roosevelt during their tenures that made their two nations involvement in the war probable, Bismarck through his secret alliances, Roosevelt through his aggressive doctrine, his build up of the navy, and his belief that great nations (which he wanted the US to be) were nations that took action. I reject the notion of yours that Roosevelt’s policies of naval aggrandizement was anything more then posturing to Japan, and possibly Great Britain. Roosevelt’s doctrine was directed in the third world, yes it’s a nice aside to American imperialism prior to 1914, but in relation to German it was nothing. Secondly no one was really scared of the American navy…the real thing the US had going for her was her millions of “doughboys”, money, and untapped industrial power. All of which precede Teddy. Bismarck policies made all this possible, Roosevelt’s policies could have made America marginally more powerful. Wilson even tried to keep the US out of the war for the first 3 years, while Roosevelt, as a private citizen, increasingly publicly criticized Wislon for not getting involved, arguing that the US should fight for what she believed in. He was out of office…thus irrelevant. He argued that if the US was going to be a great nation she should act like it. He believed the US should be involved in world affairs. According to him, the nations that didn't, withered away Remember that commercial from Burger King… “where’s the beef?” Again rhetoric and idealism sure are nice, but mean nothing. He was an advocate of the war with Spain, of Hawaiian annexation, of Philippine annexation, of the Panama Canal so his navy could be a 'two-ocean' navy, he won the Nobel Peace Prize for arbitrating an end to the Russo-Japanese War at Portsmouth. he was anything but an isolationist. He was fighting in the 1898 war wasn’t he? All those annexations were prior to his ascension into the presidency so I don’t hold him responsible. The Nobel Prize…honourable but that still doesn’t mean the US in a holistic sense was an extroverted nation, that’s a stretch. The Panama Canal the most outrageous show of American imperialism, forcibly cutting Colombia out of Central America…that’s something to be proud of…so really the only act of which I can surmise that he did that was really “extroverted” was the Panama Canal. Of course there was a choice. No one attacked the US or declared war on her. The death of a few American civilians due to u-boats, while tragic, or the affront to the US by the Zimmerman message, did not make US involvement 'necessary'. Yes it did…who was going to pay the US back her debts if the allies lost? That was the real necessity.