Well based on all of that I have to whole heartedly agree with paddoboy - you do not understand or realize the significance of a scientific theory! I have read much of the article but I will not finish because it is not worth my time. For example this is from the article: I have 2 very big problems with this quote. First the author states that reshifts are quantized like it is a fact. Well it is not a fact, it is not a theory, it is a hypothesis and based on the data that I have seen, it is a very poor hypothesis that is almost certainly wrong. The second problem is that the last part of the quote implies that the redshift is the only evidence for expansion of the universe. The author has a bias, not based on data, that is showing through loud and clear!