Standard Deviation {help me understand statistics}

Discussion in 'Physics & Math' started by sevenblu, May 14, 2006.

  1. sevenblu feeling blu Registered Senior Member

    Messages:
    355
    First of all, it's been a while since my last post -- I'm back in college and super busy. I'm doing a take home test now in statistics and I'm completely stuck on one problem... hoping anyone can help, please

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    I've finished 24 of the 25 questions, double checked them all and I am sure that I have them all correct. However this question (#25) is frustrating me to no end -- and I'm coming to you with humility and shame. I just don't understand what I am doing wrong. I'm not simply asking for an answer here; I truly want to understand what I'm screwing up, so I'll post my method and then you can point out my error.

    Here goes...

    The question:

    A company installs 5000 light bulbs, each with an average life of 500 hours, standard deviation of 100 hours, and distrubution approximated by a normal bell curve. Find the % of bulbs that can be expected to last between 540 hours and 780 hours.

    My [wrong] answer:

    First I had to obtains a z-score for each piece of data. To do this I subtracted the data from the mean and divided my answer by the standard deviation.

    The z-score for 540 = (540-500)/100 = .4
    The z-score for 780 = (780-500)/100 = 2.8

    Then I took those z-scores and figured out their respective areas on the curve [using a nifty chart in my textbook].

    The Area of z-score .4 = .016
    The Area of z-score 2.8 = .497

    Finally, I subtracted The area .016 from .497

    So: .497 - .016 = .481

    Multiply by 100 and the answer should be 48.1%, correct?

    No...

    My choices (it's a multiple choice exam) are 44.3%, 34.2%, 34.34%, and 44.34% !!!

    My answer does not match.

    I considered subtracting 48.1% for 50% since both scores are on the right side of the mean on the curve, but that didn't work either

    ----------------

    Please help me. I am going crazy over this. I usually wouldn't ask for help on schoolwork, because I know this is not a "I'll do your schoolwork for you" sort of board, but I'm not asking anyone to simply give me an answer. I really want to understand my mistake and what I am doing wrong.

    Thanks.
     
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  3. James R Just this guy, you know? Staff Member

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    28,906
    Provided your areas are correct, I would say your answer is right.
     
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  5. D H Some other guy Valued Senior Member

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    2,257
    Ok so far.

    Whoa! How do you get that? These answers don't make any sense. Think abut it this way:
    - 50% of the population lies below the mean, so certainly more than 50% of the population lies below the mean plus 0.4 standard deviations.
    - 2.8 is nearly 3, and 99.87% of the population lies below the mean plus 3 standard deviations.

    One of those choices is indeed correct.
     
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