So now you take one person's view as truth, and to support that one view you quote from a novel that he wrote, and from that a passage that doesn't actually support Dostoyevsky's own view? Interesting tactic. He did write in one of his letters, after all: "even if someone were to prove to me that the truth lay outside Christ, I should choose to remain with Christ rather than with the truth." Furthermore, Dostoyevsky considered socialism to be "the latest incarnation of the Catholic idea", its "natural ally", and Russian Orthodoxy to be the perfect form of Christianity. With regard the "package deal" of atheism and socialism, that is only if you effectively remove the possibility of religion, I.e. destroy the "absolute". If you had total atheism then, in his view (and others admittedly) you would tend toward a socialist society. It has very little to do with individual atheists within an existing religious society. So please don't think I accept your "support" for your assertion from this. I'm not sure the table below actually shows what you think it does... The poll is how the party members of each party view the religious/atheist groups, not how those groups view the parties. I.e. 51% of democrats report a positive opinion of Jews while 70% of Republicans did. Only 20% of democrats report a positive opinion of atheists! while only 9% of republicans did. So the vast majority of both republicans and democrats have negative views of atheists. So please try to understand the polls you want to post as "evidence", and be sure that they do say the things you think they do. Again what you have posted seems thus to be no support for what you have asserted. Care to try again? That said, I don't dispute that the religious are more likely to vote republican, but on the matter of sharing it seems that in the US republicans are at least more charitable than democrats, preferring it seems to leave it up to the individual to decide to give (and they do) than legislate for it as part of the government ("forced sharing"). Which again seems counter to your assertions. But, to remind, we're talking about children here. The study is about secular v religious children. And all you have so far offered is a dismissal of religious raised as Catholics from consideration as being "accommodating of secularism". The study has nothing to do with republican or democrat. It is about religion. If you start bringing politics in then you simply muddy the water and try to equivocate one party with the religious and one with the secular, riding roughshod over the fact that atheists and religious vote for both. So perhaps you can stick to the actual points, and perhaps you can now support your assertion that atheists are likely to be raised under more socialist ideals? Nothing you have offered so far actually seems to support it other than through such attempts to equate political parties to the religious and secular.