Does "phyletic gradualism" really exists, as it is commonly exposed on explanation of what punctuated equilibria, a pattern of macroevolution with nearly constant rates of morphological change? Who defends or defended it, and why? Other thing. Isn't unusual to see people saying about PE as it if was something oposed to the new synthesis or selectionism, and even to gradualism (which seems to be, this last case, a confusion between gradualism and "phyletic gradualism"). Is that right? To me seems that the basic EP pattern can be achieved through the populational events, bottleneck effect and etc, wich make them compatible. But EP is only that? I've read people saying that Gould used to say that a newer synthesis will come someday and will explain everything better, which suggests some incompatibility.... what it would be?