When we look out into space, at the universe, what we see and measure, is the light that came from matter long time ago. We do not see the matter, directly,in real time. But we infer the matter, from light released by the matter. Once the light is released from matter, like light from the sun, the light is dissociated from the matter. There is no physical connection after it is released. Light from a star a million light years away only tells us about the star a million year ago, the instant the star released the energy. After that, there is no connection between the light and the star. There is another consideration, connected to entropy. There are two types of entropy; information entropy and material entropy. Material entropy is a state variable meaning for a given state of matter, there is a fixed amount of entropy. For example, the entropy of water at 25 ◦C and 1 atm is 188.8 joules/(mole K). All labs will measure the same entropy value, for this state of water, whether they reach that final state from hot to cold and/or high to low pressure. Material entropy is not random, but is a fixed value for a given state of matter. In many ways, entropy is like a fingerprint for a state of matter. Information entropy is different. This type of entropy is more connected to randomization and loss. If we send a signal out into the universe, the signal will change and suffer loss over time, due to entropy, but not into a repeatable state, like water at 25C. The second law says that the entropy of the universe has to increase. This means both the matter and the information released by the matter will need to gain entropy. The matter will change into new states, while the information will suffer randomization and loss. What we think we see, is not what is. There is one last consideration. Material entropy needs energy to increase to a new state. For example, to increase entropy of water at 25C, to the state of water at 50C we need to add heat. This heat often comes from the information signals, that once stemmed from different early states of matter. The heating element, releases energy, that is absorbed by the water in my experiment. The net affect is secondary matter can create the information entropy in the signal from the first matter. The randomization and loss, due to information entropy increase, can be connected to different matter increasing its own entropy, thereby impacting the information assumed to be connected to the original matter. If the water heats to 50C, the heat signal information from the heater source, suffers loss. The new information is now a composite of new and old. It has loss energy or red shifted. What they think they see in space has an entropy balance problem.