I think I've discovered the misunderstanding, although, I've alluded to it before. Yes, the scientific method applied by a theoretical physicist is the same as the Archeologist. What differs is the specifics of the methods used to gather information and test hypotheses. Consider the APHA Standards. It is, in a sense, one of my bibles. I don't use the standard methods contain within the book directly, however, understanding them gives me a degree of insight into what the numbers mean when they come in from the field. One reason I didn't want to get into lab-work, it was to... Cakey for me. The APHA Standards are a collection of analytical methods that have been rigourosly tested by the scientific methods, and they themselves are how the scientific method is applied in chemistry (or part of it anyway).