Those 2 replies dont contradict eachother? The stars are equivalent to the the proton mass in the atomic nucleus, they are just different scaled versions I used for the example. Where do the dense elements come from in your hydrogen cloud solar system formation? Centrifugal force. Did you read the links? Gravity transfer of momentum from photons. The extra momentum comes from the heat and magnetic effects. Energy is conserved in the transfer of one energy to another. As clearly stated its just a thought. When I think and propose things that makes you uncomfortable as is derived form your reply. 1 + 1 = 2 Kinetic energy. Magnetic interaction. Its a work in progress, slowly my son. Indeed I bet the Higgs theory was a crank version once upon a time. Not to me. A greater solar activity at the beginning Yes, but it will be collected eventually by some object. How much rogue matter is collected by our solar system form other systems then? Not yet, but its a constant per sec effect that adds up over time. Are you denying photons transfer momentum? solar sails? Kinetic energy to potential energy. 1 + 1 = 2 The heat addition is just one of the mechanisms adding to mass, and one of the lesser effects. Keep dreaming. What books have you guys read? Just so I know what to stay away from... I hope you are going to answer my question as I have yours, when I start banging at your theories.