I’m bracing for a long list of objections from the world’s self-appointed keepers of bioethics, who must see this new Neanderthal issue as a research bonanza. I can imagine an anti-Neanderthal alliance between the religious right and the religious left. But I’m afraid I can’t see the problem. If we discovered a small band of Neanderthals hidden somewhere, we’d do everything to keep them alive, just as we try to keep alive so many other endangered populations of humans and animals — including man-biting mosquitoes and man-eating polar bears. We’ve also spent lots of money reintroducing animals into ecosystems from which they had vanished. Shouldn’t be at least as solicitous to our fellow hominids? What do you think? Should we try to resurrect a Neanderthal? And if so, what kind of precautions should we take, and what kind of lives should we help them lead? Let’s assume we’d do our best to treat them well. How much would they enjoy living today? How much would we learn from one another? source I agree Neanderthals must be resurrected. But before that, we must decide what we want to do with them. Imagine everything works out and we have alive and healthy baby. How would you raise him/her? Merely watching the thing grows? That would be cruel and absolutely uninformative. Why? Because Homo Sapiens are a product of their society. We learn so much from our parents and our school and our friends and so on. Would you raise a human baby without contact with the outside world? Without information for its brain? I doubt so. And even if you do it, that won’t tell you ANYTHING about its potential and true capabilities-they will manifest only if information is provided in appropriate for its age way. That’s why I think we first should decide what do we want from that baby. Do we want to see how it grows in its natural environment- that could be hard-we don’t know precisely what its environment was and we cannot simulate its family. The other way is simple-raise it as you would raise a human baby in controlled environment. Let it have tutors, teachers, even parents, if possible. Make it a person and then compare with a modern person. That’s the correct experiment for me. Since we cannot recreate the past (because we don’t know it very well), it’s best to recreate the present and see what will happen. The creature would either have difficulties understanding and would act as either a monkey or retarded (nothing unexpected and clearly we wouldn’t then rob it from its life) or the creature will become a walking talking person. In which case, we must be prepared to accept him/her as a person and admit all the human rights s/he deserves. And I think that would make a lovely experiment!