Last week, a team of researchers led by Svante Paabo at the Max Planck Institute in Germany completed a draft sequence of the neanderthal genome sequence. George Church of Harvard University is certain that 300 million dollars would allow him to use the genome sequence to clone a neanderthal by modifying a human genome to resemble the neanderthal and then inserting it into a chimpanzee cell. Then what? From what we know of the neanderthals they used tools and buried their dead. Assuming that they comprehend the concept of accountability and moral responsibility, would they have rights? Would they be required to abide by the same social regulations? What if their intellectual capacities were different? Would they be confined in zoos?