Empathy is where things such as helping others matters to you. Since you can't have empathy without emotions, then nothing can matter to you without emotions. Empathy would, therefore, have to be emotional states of compassion and love towards others. Sociopaths have no empathy, but they still have emotions to make other things in life matter to them in good or bad ways. According to my new definition of good and bad which is the emotional definition, artists would not be able to see the good value and beauty in their works of art if these artists were nothing but miserable. It does not matter what they believed otherwise. Lastly, positive emotions would be states of euphoria such as the feeling of joy or excitement from getting a new movie while negative emotions would be states of dysphoria such as feelings of hopelessness, misery, anger, etc. Positive emotional states are states induced by serotonin, dopamine, endorphins, and oxytocin.