To settle a lawsuit, Chicago has agreed to pay $30 million and hire 111 black firefighters. What was the reason for the lawsuit? Chicago committed the racist act of hiring the applicants who had the highest score on an entrance exam. When results from the 1995 entrance exam were disappointing for minorities, the city established a cut-off score of 89 and hired randomly from the top 1,800 “well-qualified” candidates. In 2005, a federal judge ruled that the city’s decision had the effect of perpetuating the predominantly white status quo, since 78 percent of those ‘“well-qualified’’ candidates were white. http://www.suntimes.com/news/7107077-418/city-to-pay-30-million-hire-111-black-firefighters.html Is this right? Is it racist to hire the applicants with the highest score? And how is it not racist to hire 111 candidates based specifically on race? Furthermore, how does this jibe with the Ricci decision by the Supreme Court? In that case, the city of New Haven decided to not use the test results due to minority candidates doing poorly. They were subsequently sued by the candidates who did perform well on the exam and would have been promoted had they not been thrown out. The Supreme Court sided with the passed over applicants which would seem to suggest that throwing out test results based upon the racial makeup of the top performers is not allowed under US law. Yet in this case the city of Chicago was sued (and lost!) for not doing what the New Haven Civil Service Board was sued for doing. WTF?