Australia's new Prime Minister is Scott Morrison, following the ousting of Malcolm Turnbull by his own Liberal party. Politics in the Liberal Party has been in turmoil this week following a challenge to Turnbull's leadership by a right-wing conservative faction in the party. That faction put up Peter Dutton, a minister in government, as challenger to Turnbull. Turnbull called for a party-room vote a couple of days ago, pre-empting a forced vote, and won by a narrow margin of 48 to 35. However, today the issue was brought to a second, forced, vote. Turnbull refused to contest this ballot. Instead, three people nominated: Dutton, Turnbull's Deputy Prime-Minister Julie Bishop (also Australia's Foreign Minister), and Treasurer Scott Morrison. Bishop was knocked out in the first round of voting, and Morrison was voted leader (and therefore Prime Minister) by 45 votes to 40 over Dutton. The fallout from this will be interesting. In recent years, Australia has had several changes of Prime Ministers during their time in office, rather as a result of popular elections. The fact that this change has happened at all will likely be unpopular with the electors. But it also shows a fundamental ideological split in the Liberal Party, between conservatives on the Right and moderates who are closer to the centre. The Right has been discontented with Turnbull's leadership for a long time now - in some cases since he ousted former conservative Prime Minister Tony Abbott. Morrison, as a compromise candidate, does not really have blood on his hands over the ousting of Turnbull. He is more conservative that Turnbull, but still faces an uphill battle to try to reunite his fractured party and to convince the the public that the Liberal-National coalition remains the best choice to govern the country. There will be a general election next year. If polling is to be believed, it's looking very likely that Australia will put the Liberals out of office and elect a Labor government.