Here is the Wiki: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Einstein–Cartan_theory * Oh well, forget it because Brucep says ixnay. But wait. Since when is Brucep a reliable source of unbiased information? And furthermore, he is wrong to trash can this theory on the basis that it is falsified by WMAP. Even an accelerating expansion of the observable universe can support a cosmology that features crunch/bangs, sometimes referred to as the collapse bounce of a big crunch.