Chemists in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences have recently demonstrated high-efficient energy transfer between semiconductor quantum rods and luciferase enzymes. Quantum rods and luciferase enzymes are nanomaterials and biomaterials, respectively. When combined correctly, these materials produce bioluminescence--except, instead of coming from a biomaterial, such as a firefly enzyme, the light eminates from a nanomaterial, and is green, orange, red, or near-infrared in color. This alternate lighting source doesn't require a battery or a plug. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/02/160229153112.htm?