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Thread: The Book Of Abgar

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    The Book Of Abgar

    THE BOOK OF ABGAR


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    THE SAINT PACHOMIUS ORTHODOX LIBRARY

    This document is in the public domain. Copying it is encouraged.


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    The Epistles of Jesus Christ and Abgarus King of Edessa.
    translated by Jeremiah Jones, (1693 - 1724)

    NOTE FROM WILLIAM HONE'S 1820 PRINTING:

    [The first writer who makes any mention of the Epistles that passed between Jesus Christ and Abgarus is Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea, in Palestine, who flourished in the early part of the fourth century.

    For their genuineness, he appeals to the public registers and records of the City of Edessa in Mesopotamia, where Abgarus reigned, and where he affirms that he found them written, in the Syriac language. He published a Greek translation of them in his Ecclesiastical History.

    The learned world have been much divided on this subject; but, notwithstanding that the erudite Grabe, with Archbishop Cave, Dr. Parker, and other divines, has strenuously contended for their admission into the canon of Scripture, they are deemed apocryphal. The Rev. Jeremiah Hones observes, that the common people in England have this Epistle in their houses, in many places, fixed in a frame, with the picture of Christ before it; and that they generally, with much honesty and devotion, regard it as the word of God, and the genuine Epistle of Christ.]

    CHAPTER I.

    {A copy of a letter written by King Abgarus to Jesus, and sent to him by Ananias, his footman, to Jerusalem, inviting him to Edessa.}

    1:1 Abgarus, king of Edessa, to Jesus the good Saviour, who appears at Jerusalem, greeting.

    1:2 I have been informed concerning you and your cures, which are performed without the use of medicines and herbs.

    1:3 For it is reported, that you cause the blind to see, the lame to walk; do both cleanse lepers, and cast out unclean spirits and devils, and restore them to health who have been long diseased; and raisest up the dead;

    1:4 All which when I heard, I was persuaded of one of these two, viz: either that you are God himself descended from heaven, who do these things, or the son of God.

    1:5 On this account therefore I have wrote to you, earnestly to desire you would take the trouble of a journey hither, and cure a disease which I am under.

    1:6 For I hear the Jews ridicule you, and intend you mischief.

    1:7 My city is indeed small, but neat, and large enough for us both.

    CHAPTER II.

    {The answer of Jesus by Ananias the footman to Abgarus the king, declining to visit Edessa.}

    2:1 Abgarus, you are happy, forasmuch as you have believed on me, whom ye have not seen.

    2:2 For it is written concerning me, that those who have seen me should not believe on me, that they who have not seen might believe and live.

    2:3 As to that part of your letter, which relates to my giving you a visit, I must inform you, that I must fulfil all the ends of my mission in this country, and after that be received up again to him who sent me.

    2:4 But after my ascension I will send one of my disciples, who will cure your disease, and give life to you, and all that are with you.

    [COMMENT: According to Church tradition, the second letter was accompanied by a towel which the Lord had held to His face and imprinted miraculously with an image of His countenance. This "ikon made without hands" was widely copied in the East and is familiar to all Byzantine Orthodox. Two other relics are said to bear similar miraculous images of the Saviour: the veil which Veronica handed Him on the way to Golgotha, and possibly also the Lord's Burial-Shroud. -- N.R.]


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    The St. Pachomius Orthodox Library, August 1995.

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