[Put your wall at the bottom if you want :)]
Relativity, both General and Special Theories are combined through the laws of time dilation. These are produced from relativistic theories of Lorentz Contraction and Lorentz Transformation equations. It is arguably one of the best theories ever conceived, next to quantum mechanics.
Quantum Mechanics is a troublesome theory. Albert Einstein expressed his feelings quite clearly about Quantum Physics. At least the theory of relativity is consistent, with its predictions of matter, space and time. In Einstien’s general and special theories of Relativity, there is an unbounded relationship between space and time and matter. It is out of here, a special relationship between mind and matter arises also. We conclude that space is time. They are two sides of the same thing. You cannot move through space without moving through time, unless you exist as a zero-time particle, which is just another weird situation in relativity.
This description of matter, makes way for the world of consciousness. The function of all awareness, those boxed neural networks interpret time and space, including matter in its own enclosed dimensions of perception. In fact, if all that we deal with in the external world are all connected to each other like the chain of 'space-matter-time-energy' must also be the same in the internal world of feelings and of self-being, meaning that mind is apart of that great unbounded chain. What we visualize is some type of imaginary reality... Imaginary in the sense that what exists as matter, with shape, color or even texture, it is all retinal pictures cast into the three-dimensional phenomenon of mental imaging.
Let us have a little look at the mind and its conceptual relationship with time. The time i feel is 'real time' - no other time can exist but present time. Using this description, we can say that everything of the outside world is not real reality, since the perception of time (and that must mean space and matter) are all nothing but a product of my consciousness - a product of my deranged imagination. If we throw the mind out of the picture here, time in the outside world all happens in one fraction - without consciousness, time happens in one swift go, and exists as a single frame. When consciousness exists, time is cut down to simple frames, running in its forward directionality with two boundaries of past and future. This time i feel and sense is real when it comes to my personal description of it. In other words, its very real to me... but it is completely false, if i try and think that the space-time-matter that i observe and sense is the real world - again, it is a retinal image, cast into three-dimensions, powered by the neural networks of the brain... it is completely false... but here comes another point of view. One can say it is the only one and true reality that exists. After all, it is the only reality we come to know - using this idea, if no life existed in the universe, the universe would not exist, because there would be no one there to say it did.
Einstein (March 14th 1879 - April 18th 1955) born in Germany, published his theories in 1905, and published his general papers in 1915 - they revolutionized our ways of thinking about the universe. He received his Nobel Prize in 1921 for his work on the 'Annus Mirabilis,' which describes 'photoelectric effects' including his contributions to theoretical physics - in fact, some scientists believe he should have received more Nobel prizes for his work on 'the Brownian Movement' and special relativity - since the Brownian Movement itself showed the existences of atoms - something that was not widely excepted before Einstein.
Relativity is a complex theory in certain area's... and according to a recent survey, it is universally misunderstood. However, to help us understand what Einstein was going on about, we can use his relativistic puzzles to help us build a clearer picture. We will have a look at a few of them soon - but first, let's see why Einstien's mind was on curves... Einstein was concerned about a flat spacetime. Gravity was difficult to explain in a flat Euclidean universe. This was why he decided to bring a new vision into our universe. He figured that if you are in an elevator that is accelerating upwards, you can imagine that the elevator would push up against you. This is a product of the force of the mass moving upward, against the gravitational force of earth pulling you back down. Using this description, Einstein made a new notion of gravity. When the elevator moved upward, whilst the platform would be pushing up against you, turned out to be like the force pulling you back down to planet earth called gravity.
He figured that an object accelerating was the same as a curvature. In fact, he found that gravity was also the product of acceleration, so a little thought indicates that gravity, that weakest force is directly equivalent to curvature. Thus a universe full of curvature was a universe full of gravity. The curvature of spacetime was proven in 1919, when rays of light where seen to be bending around the sun during an eclipse. This did indeed confirm a universe where light was even bent in the curves of space and time, and the final verification was reported in 'the Times' - with the headline, 'Revolution in Science - New Theory of the Universe - Newtonian idea's overthrown'. This was the secret of Einstien’s curvy universe.
From relativity we learn many secrets, including the 'Twin Paradox.' In this theory, a twin that travels away from earth a fraction shy of c (lightspeed), time becomes highly stretched. Let's say he travels a distance of 1,500 lightyears at a speed of 185,888 mps, and when he finally returns, he will find his twin brother on earth has aged remarkably... in fact, his twin brother will probably be six foot under, while he himself might have only aged a couple of years! This is the paradox of space and time when you move through it at a very fast speed. The twin who traveled the 1,500 lightyears moved so fast that his time slowed down. Let us look at some particles here, to describe some velocities, and how the speed of something marks a territory between real time (imaginary space), zero-time and real space (imaginary time). A Bradyon, also known as a tardyon, (v<c) moves always with a velocity under c. The speed of light, it turns out, is a kind of border - this barrier is able to limit all Bradyons with a speed always under 186,000 miles per second. For a mass to exceed the velocity of c, means that it needs to increase in mass (we are Bradyons, thus we cannot travel faster-than-light). Thus if a particle exceeded the speed of light, it would need to double in mass - it would also require an infinite amount of energy! This is what relativity explains. A particle that moves like a Bradyon moves in 'real time' - which is the same as 'imaginary space.' We move so fast through time, and we hardly ever move through space. Time moves through us at the speed of light. We move through time at 186,000 miles per second - this means you are 186,000 miles away from where you where just sitting or standing in each passing second. The root word Brady literally means 'slow' - hence the fictional family, 'the [Brady] bunch', hinting at a family with slow-working intelligence. A particle with a velocity equaling c is a bit of a surprise. This particle is ageless. This is, what is called a zero-time particle. A zero-time particle also means zero-space, as it neither moves in 'real space' (which is imaginary time) or 'real time' (which is imaginary space). A photon is a zero-time particle, and ever since it left its source, it existed as if no time was ever spent. In this sense, a photon is never really born, and never really dies! There is a hypothetical substance called, tachyonic matter. This matter travels in imaginary time. It spends no time in real time, as it will oscillate back and forth throughout the time dimension. This tachyonic matter moves faster than the speed of light. Such a substance is permitted by relativity because it started with a velocity over c. It is also made of a strange substance called 'imaginary matter'. The word 'tachy' comes from 'tachycardia,' which is fast heart rate. To make your way through all these imaginary concepts, just remember this following rule; A Bradyon, like most matter in the universe moves below the speed of light, which means it will travel in real time, which is the same as imaginary space. A particle that moves at the speed of light means it experiences no time at all, nor any space. And a particle that moves with a velocity over the speed of light moves in real space, which is in relativity, imaginary time.
Einstein also shows examples of one observer in respect of another. In this next example, that you may know, is that suppose a train was moving 5 miles per hour, and aboard the train where Jack and James, and they wanted to play a game of catch with a ball. Imagine Jack stood at one end of the cart and James stood at the other end. Now, Jack throws the ball to James at six miles per hour, and James throws it back, at the same speed. Aboard the train nothing looks wrong. The ball is thrown back and forth at the same speed. For those stationed on the platform watching the game, it is a little different. When Jack throws the ball to James, the ball is observed to move faster with a speed of eleven miles per hour. When James throws the ball it moves considerably slower, only one mile per hour. Why does the ball move at different speeds? - Well, one needs to take into consideration the velocity of the train, including the direction the ball is thrown. If Jack throws the ball, the speed of the ball works with the train, so the speed of the train must be added with the speed of the ball. If James throws it, the speed of the train must be deducted from the speed of the ball, because the throw is going against the momentum of the train. If the ball was a photon (fastest particle of light), things change. The photon will be seen to be traveling at the same speed according to the observers on the platform and the observers aboard the train, no matter how fast it was moving!
Yes... Einstein has shown us a lot. He has brought back the importance of the role of an observer. If he where alive today, he might even be amazed with the progression of science and the observer - or he might be deeply disappointed. What gave Einstein his intelligent insight into reality? Einstein was arguably the best mind that ever lived - next to Stephen Hawking; he had an amazing insight into reality... though, saying all this, he was not impervious to mistake. Einstien’s mother, when he was born, developed an unusually large head. This condition is named 'macrocephaly', in which individuals are born with unusually large heads, which isn't a disease, but rather the modern interpretation says that it is an evolutionary mistake... In fact, careful recent studies predict that brain size, or cranial size actually might have something to do with be intelligence development. This development can be traced to an 'intelligence gene.' Those who do not have the normal gene, including the second evolutionary gene step (the advanced gene), are born with extremely small heads called 'microcephilacs'; that is equivalent to the chimp family, and is considered as a throwback in evolution, a disease as sorts. Photographs today prove that Einstien’s head was in fact disproportionate to his body!
Coincidental or not, was the problem that Einstein had a delay in his language [which is related to ADHD]. I have always wondered if this might have been a case of his overlarge brain capacity - perhaps his brain, as large as it was for his age might have had certain functions slowed down by his 'mental production', with the minimal amount of brain power needed; but as time progressed, he worked his way out of this arena and he began to excel in his intelligence. Now, i have no medical interests - but you can imagine i was delightfully surprised to hear from a Dr. Neuroscientist Stephen Pinker who believes that his speech delay was caused by a rapid prenatal development in his brain that might have 'robbed' other functions and capabilities of the brain, such as speech development.
He began to talk at the age of nine; despite this, he was the top pupil at his high school. In later years, his success to say the least made some professors envious - some extremely repulsed by his intelligence even right into the 1920's and 30's! The recurring talk that Einstein actually failed mathematics in untrue.
His first job was working at a Swiss Patent Office in 1902; he was to evaluate the Patent Applications regarding the electromagnetic devices. Einstein married Mileva Maric on January the 6th (one of a dozen women he would come to love in his lifetime), and she [is thought] to have assisted him in a lot of his calculations. She even checked his E=Mc^2 equation, just before publishing it. It is now understood, that their relationship was unbounded, but spatially separated. He would say that a respectful distance would be made, just enough room for his intellectual isolation. His job at the patent office became permanent as he was passed over to promotion until he 'mastered machine technology'. The size of his cranium is a bit more than just a coincidence when compared to his intelligence. It undoubtedly had something to do with his mathematical and imaginary insights. His intelligence and contributions will, and have left the world in awe, maybe even leaving us slightly worried and annoyed about Einstien’s universe - and something about this world is simultaneously comforting and mystical.
Einstein’s abrupt death was by internal bleeding caused by a rupture of an aortic aneurism; the autopsy was performed by Dr. Thomas Stoltz Harvey, who decided to remove and even preserve his brain, even though at first glance, the brain looked perfectly normal - then not long ago the pickled brain of Albert Einstein was finally taken out of its container. After 52 years, dissecting the brain, we could see that Einstein had an unusual amount of extra white matter. Further investigation in 1999 at McMaster’s University showed that the parietal operculum region was missing... and to compensate this missing matter his 'inferior parietal lobe' was 15% times wider. The inferior parietal region is in fact responsible for mathematical reasoning, visuospatial cognition and imagery of movement - all pivotal traits in quantum physics. His brain also contained a whopping 73% more 'glial cells' than the average brain.
Was this what gave Einstein his superintelligence? Some have even postulated he might have had autism, perhaps dyslexia or another form of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), or even an extremely rare disorder called 'synesthesia.' This is a neural disorder, and can create ghostly three-dimensional images at will for the observer. Some peoples brain associate ghostly colors to particular letters on a newspaper, for instance, or associates colors with musical notes. Others can taste words, and a case was reported that a man, born blind could see color! Whatever gave Einstein his insight let us be glad he left earth leaving behind his relativity theories.
We have taken a juicy chunk out of the apple of physics and optics from the tree of relativity - and just like Eve in the Garden of Eden, our eyes have been opened - but the problem is, we still do not know what to do with it all! No better way could end this part, than to recite something Einstein once said in regards to having an imaginative idea and conclusion of what could possibly come out of any speculation about a theory, before any measurement is made and thus deducting and rationalizing by means of simple observation.