Anthropic Cosmological Principle
Our (who is that then?) dimension holds a lot of information… more so, than any other universe, simply because we (who is we?) exist. Suppose that neither the values nor initial conditions of quantum systems parameters are arbitrary, then we (who is we?) must consider that some designs ‘’look’’ as though they had been carefully selected and contained. This is what the Anthropic Cosmological Theory suggests, and it has real implications on how we come to observe this world around us. Let us look at some of these variables, and weigh up the evidence…
First of all, the mother of all ‘’coincidences’’ tied to the Anthropic Principle is the actual conditions we observe today… three space dimensions and one times dimension is the only way our three-dimensional world could cohere. In fact it goes much deeper than this. In the beginning t<1, the universe was ruled by quantum effects. This means that the universe ‘had’ to choose a single reality out of an infinite amount of set-up positions layed out for it… and some how, fine tuning allowed this very universe to exist!
Take proton-neutron mass. They are found to be nearly similar, by something like two electron masses… It was Werner Heisenberg who classed them with a symmetry called Isospin. If the difference in mass was ever so slightly bigger, let’s say another electron mass, they would not be able to make stable nuclei, and thus would have had profound implications in everything – in every compound, in every macroscopic object, containing something like 10^22 atoms, or the 7*10 to the 27 atoms in a human body… This is so very fine, but it doesn’t end there. If the neutron had a charge, things would be erroneous for the production of like quantum systems. Even the gravitational mass of the proton, were it to be different, the universe would not have been able to form stars… making life-giving planets an impossibility to sustain even the simplest prokaryote. Taking mass into account, even the slightest change increase in the protons mass would have caused the universe to collapse and contract: remember, there is something like 335,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 protons out of the observable 10^80 particles in the universe.
Also, we would need to ask why the universe began inflation when it did… as we know, inflation was the result of a particle, called the inflaton. If it was any later, it would have had profound and devastating effects on life. Any lesser, and inflation would have entangled with the nucleosynthesis, and would have diluted essential matter before any coupling had occurred as we see it today.
In fact, the Anthropic Principle has been said to be the way it is, because we are the way we are. Fred Alan Wolf describes the Anthropic Principle as, ‘’the notion that the universe expanded so that we could exist.’’ Funny this isn’t it? Is this entire universe a garden for the human? Likewise, in quantum physics, we learn that a universe is lame without an observer – nothing has texture or definition… nothing in short would have meaning, thus no existence. We might see a God in all of this… If the universe is tuned exactly so that we cold exist, we might ask if it is in fact a shadow of some particular intelligent design. Such notions should not escape us.
The Sun is about 15 million km away, and it takes a photon about 8.3 seconds to reach earth, but if the sun was any closer, we would not be able to survive the heat… likewise, if the Sun was any further away, it would be too cold. Also, the moon has profound influences on the wave forces on earth. The Moon, neither being too far or too close creates a stable field for earth. The Sun is also 333,350 times larger than Earth. If it was half this size, 100,000 years ago, man would not have appeared. Instead, our Sun would have expanded to be a Red Giant, frying everything on board Terra Firma before settling down to become a black dwarf…